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Scientific Protocols

BárðarbungaIVHHN has produced a set of protocols for scientists to enable rapid collection and analysis of ash.

Some protocols are provided fully translated into Japanese and Spanish. You can still use the translation tool on the right hand side to automatically translate the English articles into any of the available languages.


Leachate Protocols

Protocol for analysis of volcanic ash samples for assessment of hazards from leachable elements.


Volcanic Ash Leachate Analysis Database

Provides information on adsorption of species onto ash and sampling and applications of ash leachates as well as the leachates database.

English Spanish Japanese

Protocol for analysis of bulk ash samples


Ash Collection Procedures

Procedures for the collection of ash in various situations and purposes.


Ash Grain-Size Distribution Analysis

Grain-size distribution (GSD) analysis is a vital step in the assessment of the health hazard of volcanic ash, giving the quantity of respirable (< 4 µm) and sub-10µm particles in a bulk sample. This section details how to carry out GSD on ash samples.

English Spanish