Dr Ilan Kelman

Senior Research Fellow

P.O. Box 1129
Blindern, Oslo

Research Expertise


Ilan Kelman researches links amongst risk, disasters, vulnerability, and sustainability, for which individual and community health are important components. He works on projects related to fatalities in explosive volcanic eruptions, especially from pyroclastic flows and ashfall; fatalities in and health effects of floods; and the role of emergency shelter in protecting a displaced population's health, communities, and livelihoods. His particular interest is islands and other isolated geographies (see www.islandvulnerability.org) due to the challenges which arise when such locations face disasters.

Specifically related to volcanic health, Dr Kelman determines the risk and suggests options for dealing with it. Specific examples of activities are examining how people die in volcanic eruptions, how buildings might protect them, and how people react mentally and physically to different variables. Dr Kelman also investigates emergency management aspects such as the resources available to treat ash-induced breathing difficulties or burn victims.

Relevant Publications

Kelman, I. and T.A. Mather. (2008) ‘Living with volcanoes: The sustainable livelihoods approach for volcano-related opportunities’, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 172(3-4), 189-198.

Spence, R., Kelman I., Brown, A., Toyos, G., Purser, D. and Baxter, P.J. (2007) ‘Residential Building and Occupant Vulnerability to Pyroclastic Density Currents in Explosive Eruptions’, Natural Hazards and Earth Systems Sciences, 7, 219-230.

Spence, R., Kelman, I., Calogero, E., Toyos, G., Baxter, P.J., and Komorowski, J.C. (2005) ‘Modelling Expected Physical Impacts and Human Casualties from Explosive Volcanic Eruption’, Natural Hazards and Earth Systems Sciences, 5, 1003-1015.

Spence, R., Kelman, I., Baxter, P., Zuccaro, G. and Petrazzuoli, S. (2005) ‘Residential Building and Occupant Vulnerability to Tephra Fall’, Natural Hazards and Earth Systems Science, 5, 477-494.

Etkin, D., M.T. Vázquez, and I. Kelman. (1998) ‘Natural Disasters and Human Activity’. Written for the North American Commission on Environmental Cooperation (NACEC) under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

Kelman, I. and B. Karney. (1998) "Technology, Volcanoes, and Us". 23rd Annual Hazards Research and Applications Workshop, Colorado, 12-15 July 1998, Natural Hazards Research and Applications Center in Colorado. 

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Latest News


Download our pamphlets on preparing for ashfall and on the health hazards of ash. They are designed for mass distribution at the onset of new eruptions. They are now avaiable in English, Japanese, French Spanish, Portuguese, Swahili, Indonesian and Icelandic with Italian versions being available shortly. Please see our Pamphlets page for further infomation.





IVHHN has an article under the Guidelines tab which used to be called 'Recommended Face Masks'. This has now been updated to 'Information on face masks' and is an interim page whilst the Health Interventions in Volcanic Eruptions project investigates which types of respiratory protection are effective in protecting the general population from volcanic ash inhalation. Please note that the translations in Spanish, Japanese and Portuguese have not yet been updated.



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