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Cronin, S. J., Manoharan, V., Hedley, M. J. & Longanathan, P. L. (2000) ‘Fluoride: A review of its fate, bioavailability, and risks of fluorosis in grazed-pasture systems in New Zealand’, New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 43, 295-321.

D'Alessandro, W. (2006) ‘Human fluorosis related to volcanic activity: a review’, Environmental Toxicology, 10, 21-30

Ozsvath, D. L. (2009) ‘Fluoride and environmental health: a review’, Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, 8(1), 59-79.



Ayenew, T. (2008) ‘The distribution and hydrogeological controls of fluoride in the groundwater of central Ethiopian rift and adjacent highlands’, Environmental Geology, 54, 1313-1324.

Olsson, B. (1979) ‘Dental findings in highfluoride areas in Ethiopia’, Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 7(1), 51-56.

Rango, T., Bianchini, G., Beccaluva, L., Ayenew, T. & Colombani, N. (2009) ‘Hydrogeochemical study in the Main Ethiopian Rift: new insights to the source and enrichment mechanism of fluoride’, Environmental Geology, 58, 109-118.

Non-peer reviewed

Johansen, E. S. (2014) ‘The effects of fluoride on human health in Eastern Rift Valley, northern Tanzania’, Master’s Thesis, University of Oslo, Norway.



Flueck, W. T. (2013) ‘Effects of fluoride intoxication on teeth of livestock due to a recent volcanic eruption in Patagonia, Argentina’, Online Journal of Vetinary Research, 17(4), 167-176.

Flueck, W. T. (2014) ‘Continuing impacts on red deer from a volcanic eruption in 2011’, European Journal of Wildlife Research, 1-4.

Flueck, W. T., & Smith-Flueck, J. A. M. (2013) ‘Severe dental fluorosis in juvenile deer linked to a recent volcanic eruption in Patagonia’, Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 49(2), 355-366.

Flueck, W. T., & Smith-Flueck, J. A. M. (2013) ‘Temporal kinetics of fluoride accumulation: from fetal to adult deer’, European Journal of Wildlife Research, 59(6), 899-903.


Rubin, C. H., Noji, E. K., Seligman, P. J., Holtz, J. L., Grande, J., & Vittani, F. (1994) ‘Evaluating a fluorosis hazard after a volcanic eruption’, Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 49(5), 395-401.


Armienta, M. A., Cruz-Reyna, S., Cruz, O., Ceniceros, N., Aguayo, A., & Marin, M. (2011) ‘Fluoride in ash leachates: environmental implications at Popocatépetl volcano, central Mexico’, Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 11(7), 1949-1956.



Heikens, A., Sumarti, S., Van Bergen, M., Widianarko, B., Fokkert, L., Van Leeuwen, K. & Seinen, W. (2005) ‘The impact of the hyperacid Ijen Crater Lake: risks of excess fluoride to human health’, Science of the Total Environment, 346, 56-69.


New Zealand

Coote, G. E., Cutress, T. W., & Suckling, G. W. (1997) ‘Uptake of fluoride into developing teeth of sheep, following the 1995 volcanic eruption of Mt Ruapehu, New Zealand’, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 130(1–4), 571–575.


Weets, J. D. (1996) The dental anthropology of Vanuatu, Eastern Melanesia. Thesis, Arizona State University, Arizona.



Petrone, P., Guarino, F. M., Giustino, S., & Gombos, F. (2013) ‘Ancient and recent evidence of endemic fluorosis in the Naples area’, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 131, 14-27.

Mt Etna

Bellomo, S., Aiuppa, A., D’Alessandro, W. & Parello, F. (2007) ‘Environmental impact of magmatic fluorine emission in the Mt. Etna area’, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 165, 87-101.

Bellomo, S., D’Alessandro, W. & Longo, M. (2003) ‘Volcanogenic fluorine in rainwater around active degassing volcanoes: Mt. Etna and Stromboli island, Italy’, Science of the Total Environment, 301, 175- 185.

Mt Vesuvius

Petrone, P., Giordano, M., Giustino, S., & Guarino, F. M. (2011) ‘Enduring fluoride health hazard for the Vesuvius Area population: the case of AD 79 Herculaneum’, PloS one, 6(6), e21085.


Cordeiro, S., Coutinho, R., & Cruz, J. V. (2012) ‘Fluoride content in drinking water supply in São Miguel volcanic island (Azores, Portugal)’, Science of the Total Environment, 432, 23-36.

Notcutt, G., & Davies, F. (1999) ‘Biomonitoring of volcanogenic fluoride, Furnas Caldera, Sao Miguel, Azores’, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 92(1-2), 209-214.